How prices were calculatedAll prices in other currencies have been converted to U.S. dollars at the exchange rates listed below. Prices from sources not listed below were in U.S. dollars.
|Currency(Supplier/Buyer Code)||Year Data||Exchange Rate to US$|
1996 rates: New York Times, 29 July 1996 1998 rates: New York Times, 2 November 1998 1999 rates: New York Times, 30 November 1999 2000 rates: OANDA, 1 December 2000 2001 rates: OANDA, 23 October 2001 2002 rates: OANDA, 29 October 2002 2003 rates: OANDA, 1 July 2003 2004 rates: OANDA, 1 July 2004 2005 rates: OANDA, 1 July 2005 2006 rates: OANDA, 1 July 2006 2007 rates: OANDA, 1 July 2007 2008 rates: OANDA, 1 July 2008 2009 rates: OANDA, 1 July 2009 2010 rates: OANDA, 1 July 2010 2011 rates: OANDA, 1 July 2011 2012 rates: OANDA, 1 July 2012 2012 rates: OANDA, 1 July 2012 2013 rates: OANDA, 1 July 2013 2014 rates: OANDA, 1 July 2014 2015 rates: XE, 1 July 2015Remember:
- Changes in exchange rates can cause costs to vary widely.
- The most current exchange rate at the time of your analysis should always be used when calculating costs.
- Direct comparison of prices between suppliers for a given product may be unrealistic because of the varying terms and services offered by different suppliers.
- When calculating and projecting real costs, it is important to consider factors such as financing, delivery times, modes of transportation (air/sea/inland), and handling charges. An analysis of these factors is beyond the scope and intent of this Guide. However, it is reasonable, for estimation purposes, to add 10% for shipping costs to the listed price for suppliers in the guide.
- Government agency tender prices generally do not require adjustment for shipping charges.
- Prices in the International Medical Products Price Guide are listed in ascending order according to unit price, that is, the lowest price is listed first.
- For information about previous years please contact us: firstname.lastname@example.org